$hide=mobile

[Solutions] Sharygin Geometry Mathematical Olympiad 2014 (Final Round)

Grade 8

  1. The incircle of a right-angled triangle $ABC$ touches its catheti $AC$ and $BC$ at points $B_1$ and $A_1$, the hypotenuse touches the incircle at point $C_1$. Lines $C_1A_1$ and $C_1B_1$ meet $CA$ and $CB$ respectively at points $B_0$ and $A_0$. Prove that $AB_0 = BA_0$.
  2. Let $AH_a$ and $BH_b$ be altitudes, $AL_a$ and $BL_b$ be angle bisectors of a triangle $ABC$. It is known that $H_aH_b || L_aL_b$. Is it necessarily true that $AC = BC$?
  3. Points $M$ and $N$ are the midpoints of sides $AC$ and $BC$ of a triangle $ABC$. It is known that $\widehat{MAN} = 15^0$ and $\widehat{BAN} = 45^0$ . Find the value of angle $\widehat{ABM}$.
  4. Tanya has cut out a triangle from checkered paper as shown in the picture. The lines of the grid have faded. Can Tanya restore them without any instruments only folding the triangle (she remembers the triangle sidelengths)?
  5. A triangle with angles of $30$, $70$ and $80$ degrees is given. Cut it by a straight line into two triangles in such a way that an angle bisector in one of these triangles and a median in the other one drawn from two endpoints of the cutting segment are parallel to each other. (It suffices to find one such cutting.)
  6. Two circles $k_1$ and $k_2$ with centers $O_1$ and $O_2$ are tangent to each other externally at point $O$. Points $X$ and $Y$ on $k_1$ and $k_2$ respectively are such that rays $O_1X$ and $O_2Y$ are parallel and codirectional. Prove that two tangents from $X$ to $k_2$ and two tangents from $Y$ to $k_1$ touch the same circle passing through $O$.
  7. Two points on a circle are joined by a broken line shorter than the diameter of the circle. Prove that there exists a diameter which does not intersect this broken line.
  8. Let $M$ be the midpoint of the chord $AB$ of a circle centered at $O$. Point $K$ is symmetric to $M$ with respect to $O$, and point $P$ is chosen arbitrarily on the circle. Let $Q$ be the intersection of the line perpendicular to $AB$ through $A$ and the line perpendicular to $PK$ through $P$. Let $H$ be the projection of $P$ onto $AB$. Prove that $QB$ bisects $PH$.

Grade 9

  1.  Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral. Prove that $AC > BD$ if and only if $$(AD − BC)(AB − CD) > 0.$$
  2. In a quadrilateral $ABCD$ angles $A$ and $C$ are right. Two circles with diameters $AB$ and $CD$ meet at points $X$ and $Y$. Prove that line $XY$ passes through the midpoint of $AC$.
  3. An acute angle $A$ and a point $E$ inside it are given. Construct points $B$, $C$ on the sides of the angle such that $E$ is the center of the Euler circle of triangle $ABC$.
  4. Let $H$ be the orthocenter of a triangle $ABC$. Given that $H$ lies on the incircle of $ABC$, prove that three circles with centers $A$, $B$, $C$ and radii $AH$, $BH$, $CH$ have a common tangent.
  5. In triangle $ABC$ ($\widehat B = 60^0$), $O$ is the circumcenter, and $L$ is the foot of an angle bisector of angle $B$. The circumcirle of triangle $BOL$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ at point $D \ne B$. Prove that $BD \perp AC$.
  6. Let $I$ be the incenter of triangle $ABC$, and $M$, $N$ be the midpoints of arcs $ABC$ and $BAC$ of its circumcircle. Prove that points $M$, $I$, $N$ are collinear if and only if $AC + BC = 3AB$.
  7. Nine circles are drawn around an arbitrary triangle as in the figure. All circles tangent to the same side of the triangle have equal radii. Three lines are drawn, each one connecting one of the triangle’s vertices to the center of one of the circles touching the opposite side, as in the figure. Show that the three lines are concurrent.
  8. A convex polygon $P$ lies on a flat wooden table. You are allowed to drive some nails into the table. The nails must not go through $P$, but they may touch its boundary. We say that a set of nails blocks $P$ if the nails make it impossible to move $P$ without lifting it off the table. What is the minimum number of nails that suffices to block any convex polygon $P$?.

Grade 10

  1. The vertices and the circumcenter of an isosceles triangle lie on four different sides of a square. Find the angles of this triangle.
  2. A circle, its chord $AB$ and the midpoint $W$ of the minor arc $AB$ are given. Take an arbitrary point $C$ on the major arc $AB$. The tangent to the circle at $C$ meets the tangents at $A$ and $B$ at points $X$ and $Y$ respectively. Lines $WX$ and $WY$ meet $AB$ at points $N$ and $M$ respectively. Prove that the length of segment $NM$ does not depend on point $C$.
  3. Do there exist convex polyhedra with an arbitrary number of diagonals (a diagonal is a segment joining two vertices of a polyhedron and not lying on the surface of this polyhedron)?
  4. Let $ABC$ be a fixed triangle in the plane. Let $D$ be an arbitrary point in the plane. The circle with center $D$, passing through $A$, meets $AB$ and $AC$ again at points $A_b$ and $A_c$ respectively. Points $B_a$, $B_c$, $C_a$ and $C_b$ are defined similarly. A point $D$ is called good if the points $A_b$, $A_c$, $B_a$, $B_c$, $C_a$, and $C_b$ are concyclic. For a given triangle $ABC$, how many good points can there be?
  5. The altitude from one vertex of a triangle, the bisector from the another one and the median from the remaining vertex were drawn, the common points of these three lines were marked, and after this everything was erased except three marked points. Restore the triangle. (For every two erased segments, it is known which of the three points was their intersection point.)
  6. The incircle of a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ touches $AB$ at point $C_0$. The circle with diameter $BC_0$ meets the incircle and the bisector of angle $B$ again at points $A_1$ and $A_2$ respectively. The circle with diameter $AC_0$ meets the incircle and the bisector of angle $A$ again at points $B_1$ and $B_2$ respectively. Prove that lines $AB$, $A_1B_1$, $A_2B_2$ concur.
  7. Prove that the smallest dihedral angle between faces of an arbitrary tetrahedron is not greater than the dihedral angle between faces of a regular tetrahedron.
  8. Given is a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$. The point $L_a$ lies in the interior of $\Delta BCD$ and is such that its distances to the sides of this triangle are proportional to the lengths of corresponding sides. The points $L_b$, $L_c$, and $L_d$ are defined analogously. Given that the quadrilateral $L_aL_bL_cL_d$ is cyclic, prove that the quadrilateral $ABCD$ has two parallel sides.

Post a Comment


$hide=home

$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

$hide=post$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

$hide=home

Kỷ Yếu$cl=violet$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

Journals$cl=green$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

Name

Ả-rập Xê-út,1,Abel,5,Albania,2,AMM,2,Amsterdam,5,Ấn Độ,1,An Giang,22,Andrew Wiles,1,Anh,2,Áo,1,APMO,19,Ba Đình,2,Ba Lan,1,Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,52,Bắc Giang,49,Bắc Kạn,1,Bạc Liêu,9,Bắc Ninh,47,Bắc Trung Bộ,7,Bài Toán Hay,5,Balkan,37,Baltic Way,30,BAMO,1,Bất Đẳng Thức,66,Bến Tre,46,Benelux,13,Bình Định,44,Bình Dương,21,Bình Phước,38,Bình Thuận,34,Birch,1,Booklet,11,Bosnia Herzegovina,3,BoxMath,3,Brazil,2,Bùi Đắc Hiên,1,Bùi Thị Thiện Mỹ,1,Bùi Văn Tuyên,1,Bùi Xuân Diệu,1,Bulgaria,5,Buôn Ma Thuột,1,BxMO,12,Cà Mau,13,Cần Thơ,14,Canada,39,Cao Bằng,6,Cao Quang Minh,1,Câu Chuyện Toán Học,36,Caucasus,2,CGMO,10,China,10,Chọn Đội Tuyển,347,Chu Tuấn Anh,1,Chuyên Đề,124,Chuyên Sư Phạm,31,Chuyên Trần Hưng Đạo,3,Collection,8,College Mathematic,1,Concours,1,Cono Sur,1,Contest,610,Correspondence,1,Cosmin Poahata,1,Crux,2,Czech-Polish-Slovak,25,Đà Nẵng,39,Đa Thức,2,Đại Số,20,Đắk Lắk,54,Đắk Nông,7,Đan Phượng,1,Danube,7,Đào Thái Hiệp,1,ĐBSCL,2,Đề Thi HSG,1643,Đề Thi JMO,1,Điện Biên,8,Định Lý,1,Định Lý Beaty,1,Đỗ Hữu Đức Thịnh,1,Do Thái,3,Doãn Quang Tiến,4,Đoàn Quỳnh,1,Đoàn Văn Trung,1,Đống Đa,4,Đồng Nai,49,Đồng Tháp,51,Du Hiền Vinh,1,Đức,1,Duyên Hải Bắc Bộ,25,E-Book,33,EGMO,16,ELMO,19,EMC,8,Epsilon,1,Estonian,5,Euler,1,Evan Chen,1,Fermat,3,Finland,4,Forum Of Geometry,2,Furstenberg,1,G. Polya,3,Gặp Gỡ Toán Học,26,Gauss,1,GDTX,3,Geometry,12,Gia Lai,25,Gia Viễn,2,Giải Tích Hàm,1,Giảng Võ,1,Giới hạn,2,Goldbach,1,Hà Giang,2,Hà Lan,1,Hà Nam,29,Hà Nội,231,Hà Tĩnh,72,Hà Trung Kiên,1,Hải Dương,49,Hải Phòng,42,Hàn Quốc,5,Hậu Giang,4,Hậu Lộc,1,Hilbert,1,Hình Học,33,HKUST,7,Hòa Bình,13,Hoài Nhơn,1,Hoàng Bá Minh,1,Hoàng Minh Quân,1,Hodge,1,Hojoo Lee,2,HOMC,5,HongKong,8,HSG 10,100,HSG 11,87,HSG 12,581,HSG 9,402,HSG Cấp Trường,78,HSG Quốc Gia,99,HSG Quốc Tế,16,Hứa Lâm Phong,1,Hứa Thuần Phỏng,1,Hùng Vương,2,Hưng Yên,32,Hương Sơn,2,Huỳnh Kim Linh,1,Hy Lạp,1,IMC,25,IMO,54,India,45,Inequality,13,InMC,1,International,307,Iran,11,Jakob,1,JBMO,41,Jewish,1,Journal,20,Junior,38,K2pi,1,Kazakhstan,1,Khánh Hòa,16,KHTN,53,Kiên Giang,64,Kim Liên,1,Kon Tum,18,Korea,5,Kvant,2,Kỷ Yếu,42,Lai Châu,4,Lâm Đồng,33,Lạng Sơn,21,Langlands,1,Lào Cai,16,Lê Hải Châu,1,Lê Hải Khôi,1,Lê Hoành Phò,4,Lê Khánh Sỹ,3,Lê Minh Cường,1,Lê Phúc Lữ,1,Lê Phương,1,Lê Quý Đôn,1,Lê Viết Hải,1,Lê Việt Hưng,1,Leibniz,1,Long An,42,Lớp 10,10,Lớp 10 Chuyên,452,Lớp 10 Không Chuyên,230,Lớp 11,1,Lục Ngạn,1,Lượng giác,1,Lương Tài,1,Lưu Giang Nam,2,Lý Thánh Tông,1,Macedonian,1,Malaysia,1,Margulis,2,Mark Levi,1,Mathematical Excalibur,1,Mathematical Reflections,1,Mathematics Magazine,1,Mathematics Today,1,Mathley,1,MathLinks,1,MathProblems Journal,1,Mathscope,8,MathsVN,5,MathVN,1,MEMO,10,Metropolises,4,Mexico,1,MIC,1,Michael Guillen,1,Mochizuki,1,Moldova,1,Moscow,1,Mỹ,9,MYTS,4,Nam Định,32,Nam Phi,1,Nam Trung Bộ,1,National,249,Nesbitt,1,Newton,4,Nghệ An,50,Ngô Bảo Châu,2,Ngô Việt Hải,1,Ngọc Huyền,2,Nguyễn Anh Tuyến,1,Nguyễn Bá Đang,1,Nguyễn Đình Thi,1,Nguyễn Đức Tấn,1,Nguyễn Đức Thắng,1,Nguyễn Duy Khương,1,Nguyễn Duy Tùng,1,Nguyễn Hữu Điển,3,Nguyễn Mình Hà,1,Nguyễn Minh Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Phan Tài Vương,1,Nguyễn Phú Khánh,1,Nguyễn Phúc Tăng,1,Nguyễn Quản Bá Hồng,1,Nguyễn Quang Sơn,1,Nguyễn Tài Chung,5,Nguyễn Tăng Vũ,1,Nguyễn Tất Thu,1,Nguyễn Thúc Vũ Hoàng,1,Nguyễn Trung Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Tuấn Anh,2,Nguyễn Văn Huyện,3,Nguyễn Văn Mậu,25,Nguyễn Văn Nho,1,Nguyễn Văn Quý,2,Nguyễn Văn Thông,1,Nguyễn Việt Anh,1,Nguyễn Vũ Lương,2,Nhật Bản,3,Nhóm $\LaTeX$,4,Nhóm Toán,1,Ninh Bình,41,Ninh Thuận,15,Nội Suy Lagrange,2,Nội Suy Newton,1,Nordic,19,Olympiad Corner,1,Olympiad Preliminary,2,Olympic 10,98,Olympic 10/3,5,Olympic 11,89,Olympic 12,30,Olympic 24/3,6,Olympic 27/4,20,Olympic 30/4,66,Olympic KHTN,6,Olympic Sinh Viên,73,Olympic Tháng 4,12,Olympic Toán,300,Olympic Toán Sơ Cấp,3,PAMO,1,Phạm Đình Đồng,1,Phạm Đức Tài,1,Phạm Huy Hoàng,1,Pham Kim Hung,3,Phạm Quốc Sang,2,Phan Huy Khải,1,Phan Thành Nam,1,Pháp,2,Philippines,8,Phú Thọ,30,Phú Yên,26,Phùng Hồ Hải,1,Phương Trình Hàm,11,Phương Trình Pythagoras,1,Pi,1,Polish,32,Problems,1,PT-HPT,14,PTNK,45,Putnam,25,Quảng Bình,44,Quảng Nam,31,Quảng Ngãi,33,Quảng Ninh,43,Quảng Trị,26,Quỹ Tích,1,Riemann,1,RMM,12,RMO,24,Romania,36,Romanian Mathematical,1,Russia,1,Sách Thường Thức Toán,7,Sách Toán,69,Sách Toán Cao Học,1,Sách Toán THCS,7,Saudi Arabia,7,Scholze,1,Serbia,17,Sharygin,24,Shortlists,56,Simon Singh,1,Singapore,1,Số Học - Tổ Hợp,27,Sóc Trăng,28,Sơn La,11,Spain,8,Star Education,5,Stars of Mathematics,11,Swinnerton-Dyer,1,Talent Search,1,Tăng Hải Tuân,2,Tạp Chí,14,Tập San,6,Tây Ban Nha,1,Tây Ninh,29,Thạch Hà,1,Thái Bình,39,Thái Nguyên,49,Thái Vân,2,Thanh Hóa,57,THCS,2,Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ,5,Thomas J. Mildorf,1,THPT Chuyên Lê Quý Đôn,1,THPTQG,15,THTT,6,Thừa Thiên Huế,35,Tiền Giang,19,Tin Tức Toán Học,1,Titu Andreescu,2,Toán 12,7,Toán Cao Cấp,3,Toán Chuyên,2,Toán Rời Rạc,5,Toán Tuổi Thơ,3,Tôn Ngọc Minh Quân,2,TOT,1,TPHCM,126,Trà Vinh,5,Trắc Nghiệm,1,Trắc Nghiệm Toán,2,Trại Hè,34,Trại Hè Hùng Vương,25,Trại Hè Phương Nam,5,Trần Đăng Phúc,1,Trần Minh Hiền,2,Trần Nam Dũng,9,Trần Phương,1,Trần Quang Hùng,1,Trần Quốc Anh,2,Trần Quốc Luật,1,Trần Quốc Nghĩa,1,Trần Tiến Tự,1,Trịnh Đào Chiến,2,Trung Quốc,12,Trường Đông,19,Trường Hè,7,Trường Thu,1,Trường Xuân,2,TST,55,Tuyên Quang,6,Tuyển Sinh,3,Tuyển Tập,44,Tuymaada,4,Undergraduate,66,USA,44,USAJMO,10,USATST,7,Uzbekistan,1,Vasile Cîrtoaje,4,Vật Lý,1,Viện Toán Học,2,Vietnam,4,Viktor Prasolov,1,VIMF,1,Vinh,27,Vĩnh Long,20,Vĩnh Phúc,63,Virginia Tech,1,VLTT,1,VMEO,4,VMF,12,VMO,46,VNTST,22,Võ Anh Khoa,1,Võ Quốc Bá Cẩn,26,Võ Thành Văn,1,Vojtěch Jarník,6,Vũ Hữu Bình,7,Vương Trung Dũng,1,WFNMC Journal,1,Wiles,1,Yên Bái,17,Yên Định,1,Yên Thành,1,Zhautykov,11,Zhou Yuan Zhe,1,
ltr
item
MOlympiad: [Solutions] Sharygin Geometry Mathematical Olympiad 2014 (Final Round)
[Solutions] Sharygin Geometry Mathematical Olympiad 2014 (Final Round)
MOlympiad
https://www.molympiad.net/2017/11/sharygin-geometry-olympiad-2014-solutions.html
https://www.molympiad.net/
https://www.molympiad.net/
https://www.molympiad.net/2017/11/sharygin-geometry-olympiad-2014-solutions.html
true
2506595080985176441
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy