$hide=mobile

[Solutions] Baltic Way Mathematical Competition 2011

  1. The real numbers $x_1,\ldots ,x_{2011}$ satisfy \[x_1+x_2=2x_1',\ x_2+x_3=2x_2', \ \ldots, \ x_{2011}+x_1=2x_{2011}'\] where $x_1',x_2',\ldots,x_{2011}'$ is a permutation of $x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_{2011}$. Prove that $$x_1=x_2=\ldots =x_{2011}.$$
  2. Let $f:\mathbb{Z}\to\mathbb{Z}$ be a function such that for all integers $x$ and $y$, the following holds: \[f(f(x)-y)=f(y)-f(f(x)).\] Show that $f$ is bounded.
  3. A sequence $a_1,a_2,a_3,\ldots $ of non-negative integers is such that $a_{n+1}$ is the last digit of $a_n^n+a_{n-1}$ for all $n>2$. Is it always true that for some $n_0$ the sequence $a_{n_0},a_{n_0+1},a_{n_0+2},\ldots$ is periodic?
  4. Let $a,b,c,d$ be non-negative reals such that $a+b+c+d=4$. Prove the inequality \[\frac{a}{a^3+8}+\frac{b}{b^3+8}+\frac{c}{c^3+8}+\frac{d}{d^3+8}\le\frac{4}{9}\]
  5. Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be a function such that \[f(f(x))=x^2-x+1\] for all real numbers $x$. Determine $f(0)$.
  6. Let $n$ be a positive integer. Prove that the number of lines which go through the origin and precisely one other point with integer coordinates $(x,y),0\le x,y\le n$, is at least $\frac{n^2}{4}$.
  7. Let $T$ denote the $15$-element set $\{10a+b:a,b\in\mathbb{Z},1\le a<b\le 6\}$. Let $S$ be a subset of $T$ in which all six digits $1,2,\ldots ,6$ appear and in which no three elements together use all these six digits. Determine the largest possible size of $S$.
  8. In Greifswald there are three schools called $A,B$ and $C$, each of which is attended by at least one student. Among any three students, one from $A$, one from $B$ and one from $C$, there are two knowing each other and two not knowing each other. Prove that at least one of the following holds:
    • Some student from $A$ knows all students from $B$.
    • Some student from $B$ knows all students from $C$.
    • Some student from $C$ knows all students from $A$.
  9. Given a rectangular grid, split into $m\times n$ squares, a colouring of the squares in two colours (black and white) is called valid if it satisfies the following conditions:
    • All squares touching the border of the grid are coloured black.
    • No four squares forming a $2\times 2$ square are coloured in the same colour.
    • No four squares forming a $2\times 2$ square are coloured in such a way that only diagonally touching squares have the same colour.
    Which grid sizes $m\times n$ (with $m,n\ge 3$) have a valid colouring?
  10. Two persons play the following game with integers. The initial number is $2011^{2011}$. The players move in turns. Each move consists of subtraction of an integer between $1$ and $2010$ inclusive, or division by $2011$, rounding down to the closest integer when necessary. The player who first obtains a non-positive integer wins. Which player has a winning strategy?
  11. Let $AB$ and $CD$ be two diameters of the circle $C$. For an arbitrary point $P$ on $C$, let $R$ and $S$ be the feet of the perpendiculars from $P$ to $AB$ and $CD$, respectively. Show that the length of $RS$ is independent of the choice of $P$.
  12. Let $P$ be a point inside a square $ABCD$ such that $PA:PB:PC$ is $1:2:3$. Determine the angle $\angle BPA$.
  13. Let $E$ be an interior point of the convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. Construct triangles $\triangle ABF,\triangle BCG,\triangle CDH$ and $\triangle DAI$ on the outside of the quadrilateral such that the similarities $\triangle ABF\sim\triangle DCE$, $\triangle BCG\sim \triangle ADE$, $\triangle CDH\sim\triangle BAE$ and $ \triangle DAI\sim\triangle CBE$ hold. Let $P,Q,R$ and $S$ be the projections of $E$ on the lines $AB,BC,CD$ and $DA$, respectively. Prove that if the quadrilateral $PQRS$ is cyclic, then \[EF\cdot CD=EG\cdot DA=EH\cdot AB=EI\cdot BC.\]
  14. The incircle of a triangle $ABC$ touches the sides $BC,CA,AB$ at $D,E,F$, respectively. Let $G$ be a point on the incircle such that $FG$ is a diameter. The lines $EG$ and $FD$ intersect at $H$. Prove that $CH\parallel AB$.
  15. Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral such that $\angle ADB=\angle BDC$. Suppose that a point $E$ on the side $AD$ satisfies the equality \[AE\cdot ED + BE^2=CD\cdot AE.\] Show that $\angle EBA=\angle DCB$.
  16. Let $a$ be any integer. Define the sequence $x_0,x_1,\ldots$ by $x_0=a$, $x_1=3$, and for all $n>1$ \[x_n=2x_{n-1}-4x_{n-2}+3.\] Determine the largest integer $k_a$ for which there exists a prime $p$ such that $p^{k_a}$ divides $x_{2011}-1$.
  17. Determine all positive integers $d$ such that whenever $d$ divides a positive integer $n$, $d$ will also divide any integer obtained by rearranging the digits of $n$.
  18. Determine all pairs $(p,q)$ of primes for which both $p^2+q^3$ and $q^2+p^3$ are perfect squares.
  19. Let $p=3$ be a prime number. Show that there is a non-constant arithmetic sequence of positive integers $x_1,x_2,\ldots ,x_p$ such that the product of the terms of the sequence is a cube.
  20. An integer $n\ge 1$ is called balanced if it has an even number of distinct prime divisors. Prove that there exist infinitely many positive integers $n$ such that there are exactly two balanced numbers among $n,n+1,n+2$ and $n+3$.

Post a Comment


$hide=home

$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

$hide=post$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

$hide=home

Kỷ Yếu$cl=violet$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

Journals$cl=green$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

Name

Ả-rập Xê-út,1,Abel,5,Albania,2,AMM,2,Amsterdam,5,Ấn Độ,1,An Giang,21,Andrew Wiles,1,Anh,2,Áo,1,APMO,19,Ba Đình,2,Ba Lan,1,Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,52,Bắc Giang,49,Bắc Kạn,1,Bạc Liêu,9,Bắc Ninh,47,Bắc Trung Bộ,7,Bài Toán Hay,5,Balkan,37,Baltic Way,30,BAMO,1,Bất Đẳng Thức,66,Bến Tre,46,Benelux,13,Bình Định,44,Bình Dương,21,Bình Phước,38,Bình Thuận,34,Birch,1,Booklet,11,Bosnia Herzegovina,3,BoxMath,3,Brazil,2,Bùi Đắc Hiên,1,Bùi Thị Thiện Mỹ,1,Bùi Văn Tuyên,1,Bùi Xuân Diệu,1,Bulgaria,5,Buôn Ma Thuột,1,BxMO,12,Cà Mau,13,Cần Thơ,14,Canada,39,Cao Bằng,6,Cao Quang Minh,1,Câu Chuyện Toán Học,36,Caucasus,2,CGMO,10,China,10,Chọn Đội Tuyển,347,Chu Tuấn Anh,1,Chuyên Đề,124,Chuyên Sư Phạm,31,Chuyên Trần Hưng Đạo,3,Collection,8,College Mathematic,1,Concours,1,Cono Sur,1,Contest,610,Correspondence,1,Cosmin Poahata,1,Crux,2,Czech-Polish-Slovak,25,Đà Nẵng,39,Đa Thức,2,Đại Số,20,Đắk Lắk,54,Đắk Nông,7,Đan Phượng,1,Danube,7,Đào Thái Hiệp,1,ĐBSCL,2,Đề Thi HSG,1641,Đề Thi JMO,1,Điện Biên,8,Định Lý,1,Định Lý Beaty,1,Đỗ Hữu Đức Thịnh,1,Do Thái,3,Doãn Quang Tiến,4,Đoàn Quỳnh,1,Đoàn Văn Trung,1,Đống Đa,4,Đồng Nai,49,Đồng Tháp,51,Du Hiền Vinh,1,Đức,1,Duyên Hải Bắc Bộ,25,E-Book,33,EGMO,16,ELMO,19,EMC,8,Epsilon,1,Estonian,5,Euler,1,Evan Chen,1,Fermat,3,Finland,4,Forum Of Geometry,2,Furstenberg,1,G. Polya,3,Gặp Gỡ Toán Học,26,Gauss,1,GDTX,3,Geometry,12,Gia Lai,25,Gia Viễn,2,Giải Tích Hàm,1,Giảng Võ,1,Giới hạn,2,Goldbach,1,Hà Giang,2,Hà Lan,1,Hà Nam,29,Hà Nội,231,Hà Tĩnh,72,Hà Trung Kiên,1,Hải Dương,49,Hải Phòng,42,Hàn Quốc,5,Hậu Giang,4,Hậu Lộc,1,Hilbert,1,Hình Học,33,HKUST,7,Hòa Bình,13,Hoài Nhơn,1,Hoàng Bá Minh,1,Hoàng Minh Quân,1,Hodge,1,Hojoo Lee,2,HOMC,5,HongKong,8,HSG 10,100,HSG 11,86,HSG 12,580,HSG 9,402,HSG Cấp Trường,78,HSG Quốc Gia,99,HSG Quốc Tế,16,Hứa Lâm Phong,1,Hứa Thuần Phỏng,1,Hùng Vương,2,Hưng Yên,32,Hương Sơn,2,Huỳnh Kim Linh,1,Hy Lạp,1,IMC,25,IMO,54,India,45,Inequality,13,InMC,1,International,307,Iran,11,Jakob,1,JBMO,41,Jewish,1,Journal,20,Junior,38,K2pi,1,Kazakhstan,1,Khánh Hòa,16,KHTN,53,Kiên Giang,63,Kim Liên,1,Kon Tum,18,Korea,5,Kvant,2,Kỷ Yếu,42,Lai Châu,4,Lâm Đồng,33,Lạng Sơn,21,Langlands,1,Lào Cai,16,Lê Hải Châu,1,Lê Hải Khôi,1,Lê Hoành Phò,4,Lê Khánh Sỹ,3,Lê Minh Cường,1,Lê Phúc Lữ,1,Lê Phương,1,Lê Quý Đôn,1,Lê Viết Hải,1,Lê Việt Hưng,1,Leibniz,1,Long An,42,Lớp 10,10,Lớp 10 Chuyên,452,Lớp 10 Không Chuyên,229,Lớp 11,1,Lục Ngạn,1,Lượng giác,1,Lương Tài,1,Lưu Giang Nam,2,Lý Thánh Tông,1,Macedonian,1,Malaysia,1,Margulis,2,Mark Levi,1,Mathematical Excalibur,1,Mathematical Reflections,1,Mathematics Magazine,1,Mathematics Today,1,Mathley,1,MathLinks,1,MathProblems Journal,1,Mathscope,8,MathsVN,5,MathVN,1,MEMO,10,Metropolises,4,Mexico,1,MIC,1,Michael Guillen,1,Mochizuki,1,Moldova,1,Moscow,1,Mỹ,9,MYTS,4,Nam Định,32,Nam Phi,1,Nam Trung Bộ,1,National,249,Nesbitt,1,Newton,4,Nghệ An,50,Ngô Bảo Châu,2,Ngô Việt Hải,1,Ngọc Huyền,2,Nguyễn Anh Tuyến,1,Nguyễn Bá Đang,1,Nguyễn Đình Thi,1,Nguyễn Đức Tấn,1,Nguyễn Đức Thắng,1,Nguyễn Duy Khương,1,Nguyễn Duy Tùng,1,Nguyễn Hữu Điển,3,Nguyễn Mình Hà,1,Nguyễn Minh Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Phan Tài Vương,1,Nguyễn Phú Khánh,1,Nguyễn Phúc Tăng,1,Nguyễn Quản Bá Hồng,1,Nguyễn Quang Sơn,1,Nguyễn Tài Chung,5,Nguyễn Tăng Vũ,1,Nguyễn Tất Thu,1,Nguyễn Thúc Vũ Hoàng,1,Nguyễn Trung Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Tuấn Anh,2,Nguyễn Văn Huyện,3,Nguyễn Văn Mậu,25,Nguyễn Văn Nho,1,Nguyễn Văn Quý,2,Nguyễn Văn Thông,1,Nguyễn Việt Anh,1,Nguyễn Vũ Lương,2,Nhật Bản,3,Nhóm $\LaTeX$,4,Nhóm Toán,1,Ninh Bình,41,Ninh Thuận,15,Nội Suy Lagrange,2,Nội Suy Newton,1,Nordic,19,Olympiad Corner,1,Olympiad Preliminary,2,Olympic 10,98,Olympic 10/3,5,Olympic 11,89,Olympic 12,30,Olympic 24/3,6,Olympic 27/4,20,Olympic 30/4,66,Olympic KHTN,6,Olympic Sinh Viên,73,Olympic Tháng 4,12,Olympic Toán,300,Olympic Toán Sơ Cấp,3,PAMO,1,Phạm Đình Đồng,1,Phạm Đức Tài,1,Phạm Huy Hoàng,1,Pham Kim Hung,3,Phạm Quốc Sang,2,Phan Huy Khải,1,Phan Thành Nam,1,Pháp,2,Philippines,8,Phú Thọ,30,Phú Yên,26,Phùng Hồ Hải,1,Phương Trình Hàm,11,Phương Trình Pythagoras,1,Pi,1,Polish,32,Problems,1,PT-HPT,14,PTNK,44,Putnam,25,Quảng Bình,44,Quảng Nam,31,Quảng Ngãi,33,Quảng Ninh,43,Quảng Trị,26,Quỹ Tích,1,Riemann,1,RMM,12,RMO,24,Romania,36,Romanian Mathematical,1,Russia,1,Sách Thường Thức Toán,7,Sách Toán,69,Sách Toán Cao Học,1,Sách Toán THCS,7,Saudi Arabia,7,Scholze,1,Serbia,17,Sharygin,24,Shortlists,56,Simon Singh,1,Singapore,1,Số Học - Tổ Hợp,27,Sóc Trăng,28,Sơn La,11,Spain,8,Star Education,5,Stars of Mathematics,11,Swinnerton-Dyer,1,Talent Search,1,Tăng Hải Tuân,2,Tạp Chí,14,Tập San,6,Tây Ban Nha,1,Tây Ninh,29,Thạch Hà,1,Thái Bình,39,Thái Nguyên,49,Thái Vân,2,Thanh Hóa,57,THCS,2,Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ,5,Thomas J. Mildorf,1,THPT Chuyên Lê Quý Đôn,1,THPTQG,15,THTT,6,Thừa Thiên Huế,35,Tiền Giang,19,Tin Tức Toán Học,1,Titu Andreescu,2,Toán 12,7,Toán Cao Cấp,3,Toán Chuyên,2,Toán Rời Rạc,5,Toán Tuổi Thơ,3,Tôn Ngọc Minh Quân,2,TOT,1,TPHCM,125,Trà Vinh,5,Trắc Nghiệm,1,Trắc Nghiệm Toán,2,Trại Hè,34,Trại Hè Hùng Vương,25,Trại Hè Phương Nam,5,Trần Đăng Phúc,1,Trần Minh Hiền,2,Trần Nam Dũng,9,Trần Phương,1,Trần Quang Hùng,1,Trần Quốc Anh,2,Trần Quốc Luật,1,Trần Quốc Nghĩa,1,Trần Tiến Tự,1,Trịnh Đào Chiến,2,Trung Quốc,12,Trường Đông,19,Trường Hè,7,Trường Thu,1,Trường Xuân,2,TST,55,Tuyên Quang,6,Tuyển Sinh,3,Tuyển Tập,44,Tuymaada,4,Undergraduate,66,USA,44,USAJMO,10,USATST,7,Uzbekistan,1,Vasile Cîrtoaje,4,Vật Lý,1,Viện Toán Học,2,Vietnam,4,Viktor Prasolov,1,VIMF,1,Vinh,27,Vĩnh Long,20,Vĩnh Phúc,63,Virginia Tech,1,VLTT,1,VMEO,4,VMF,12,VMO,46,VNTST,22,Võ Anh Khoa,1,Võ Quốc Bá Cẩn,26,Võ Thành Văn,1,Vojtěch Jarník,6,Vũ Hữu Bình,7,Vương Trung Dũng,1,WFNMC Journal,1,Wiles,1,Yên Bái,17,Yên Định,1,Yên Thành,1,Zhautykov,11,Zhou Yuan Zhe,1,
ltr
item
MOlympiad: [Solutions] Baltic Way Mathematical Competition 2011
[Solutions] Baltic Way Mathematical Competition 2011
MOlympiad
https://www.molympiad.net/2017/08/baltic-way-mathematical-competition-2011-solutions.html
https://www.molympiad.net/
https://www.molympiad.net/
https://www.molympiad.net/2017/08/baltic-way-mathematical-competition-2011-solutions.html
true
2506595080985176441
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy