[Solutions] Romanian Mathematical Competitions 2001

Romania National Olympiad 2001

Grade level 7

  1. Show that there exist no integers $a$ and $b$ such that $$a^3+a^2b+ab^2+b^3=2001.$$
  2. Let $a$ and $b$ be real, positive and distinct numbers. We consider the set \[M=\{ ax+by\mid x,y\in\mathbb{R},\ x>0,\ y>0,\ x+y=1\}.\] Prove that
    a) $\dfrac{2ab}{a+b}\in M;$
    b) $\sqrt{ab}\in M.$
  3. We consider a right trapezoid $ABCD$, in which $AB||CD$, $AB>CD$, $AD\perp AB$ and $AD>CD$. The diagonals $AC$ and $BD$ intersect at $O$. The parallel through $O$ to $AB$ intersects $AD$ in $E$ and $BE$ intersects $CD$ in $F$. Prove that $CE\perp AF$ if and only if $AB\cdot CD=AD^2-CD^2$ .
  4. Consider the acute angle $ABC$. On the half-line $BC$ we consider the distinct points $P$ and $Q$ whose projections onto the line $AB$ are the points $M$ and $N$. Knowing that $AP=AQ$ and $AM^2-AN^2=BN^2-BM^2$, find the angle $ABC$.

Grade level 8

  1. Determine all real numbers $a$ and $b$ such that $a+b\in\mathbb{Z}$ and $a^2+b^2=2$.
  2. For every rational number $m>0$ we consider the function $f_m:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, $f_m(x)=\dfrac{1}{m}x+m$. Denote by $G_m$ the graph of the function $f_m$. Let $p,q,r$ be positive rational numbers.
    a) Show that if $p$ and $q$ are distinct then $G_p\cap G_q$ is non-empty.
    b) Show that if $G_p\cap G_q$ is a point with integer coordinates, then $p$ and $q$ are integer numbers.
    c) Show that if $p,q,r$ are consecutive natural numbers, then the area of the triangle determined by intersections of $G_p,G_q$ and $G_r$ is equal to $1$.
  3. We consider the points $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$, not in the same plane, such that $AB\perp CD$ and $AB^2+CD^2=AD^2+BC^2$.
    a) Prove that $AC\perp BD$.
    b) Prove that if $CD<BC<BD$, then the angle between the planes $(ABC)$ and $(ADC)$ is greater than $60^{\circ}$.
  4. In the cube $ABCDA'B'C'D'$, with side $a$, the plane $(AB'D')$ intersects the planes $(A'BC)$, $(A'CD)$, $(A'DB)$ after the lines $d_1$, $d_2$ and $d_3$ respectively.
    a) Show that the lines $d_1$, $d_2$, $d_3$ intersect pairwise.
    b) Determine the area of the triangle formed by these three lines.

Grade level 9

  1. Let $A$ be a set of real numbers which verifies:
    a) $ 1 \in A$
    b) $x\in A\implies x^2\in A$
    c) $x^2-4x+4\in A\implies x\in A$
    Show that $2000+\sqrt{2001}\in A$.
  2. Let $ABC$ be a triangle $(A=90^{\circ})$ and $D\in (AC)$ such that $BD$ is the bisector of $B$. Prove that $BC-BD=2AB$ if and only if
    \[\frac{1}{BD}-\frac{1}{BC}=\frac{1}{2AB} \]
  3. Let $n\in\mathbb{N}^*$ and $v_1,v_2,\ldots ,v_n$ be vectors in the plane with lengths less than or equal to $1$. Prove that there exists $\xi_1,\xi_2,\ldots ,\xi_n\in\{-1,1\}$ such that
    \[ | \xi_1v_1+\xi_2v_2+\ldots +\xi_nv_n|\le\sqrt{2}\]
  4. Determine the ordered systems $(x,y,z)$ of positive rational numbers for which $x+\dfrac{1}{y}$, $y+\dfrac{1}{z}$ and $z+\dfrac{1}{x}$ are integers.

Grade level 10

  1. Let $a$ and $b$ be complex non-zero numbers and $z_1,z_2$ the roots of the polynomials $X^2+aX+b$. Show that $|z_1+z_2|=|z_1|+|z_2|$ if and only if there exists a real number $\lambda\ge 4$ such that $a^2=\lambda b$.
  2. In the tetrahedron $OABC$ we denote by $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$ the measures of the angles $\angle BOC,\angle COA,$ and $\angle AOB$, respectively. Prove the inequality
    \[\cos^2\alpha+\cos^2\beta+\cos^2\gamma<1+2\cos\alpha\cos\beta\cos\gamma \]
  3. Let $m,k$ be positive integers, $k<m$ and $M$ a set with $m$ elements. Prove that the maximal number of subsets $A_1,A_2,\ldots ,A_p$ of $M$ for which $A_i\cap A_j$ has at most $k$ elements, for every $1\le i<j\le p$, equals \[ p_{\max}=\binom{m}{0}+\binom{m}{1}+\binom{m}{2}+\ldots+\binom{m}{k+1}\]
  4. Let $n\ge 2$ be an even integer and $a,b$ real numbers such that $b^n=3a+1$. Show that the polynomial $P(X)=(X^2+X+1)^n-X^n-a$ is divisible by $Q(X)=X^3+X^2+X+b$ if and only if $b=1$.

Grade level 11

  1. Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ a continuous function, derivable on $R\backslash\{x_0\}$, having finite side derivatives in $x_0$. Show that there exists a derivable function $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, a linear function $h:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ and $\alpha\in\{-1,0,1\}$ such that \[ f(x)=g(x)+\alpha |h(x)|,\ \forall x\in\mathbb{R} \]
  2. We consider a matrix $A\in M_n(\textbf{C})$ with rank $r$, where $n\ge 2$ and $1\le r\le n-1$. a) Show that there exist $B\in M_{n,r}(\textbf{C}), C\in M_{r,n}(\textbf{C})$, with $%Error. "rank" is a bad command. B=%Error. "rank" is a bad command. C = r$, such that $A=BC$. b) Show that the matrix $A$ verifies a polynomial equation of degree $r+1$, with complex coefficients.
  3. Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow[0,\infty )$ be a function with the property that $$|f(x)-f(y)|\le |x-y|$$ for every $x,y\in\mathbb{R}$. Show that:
    a) If $\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty} f(x+n)=\infty$ for every $x\in\mathbb{R}$, then $\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}=\infty$.
    b) If $\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty} f(x+n)=\alpha ,\alpha\in[0,\infty )$ for every $x\in\mathbb{R}$, then $\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}=\alpha$.
  4. The continuous function $f:[0,1]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ has the property: \[\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}\ n\left(f\left(x+\frac{1}{n}\right)-f(x)\right)=0 \] for every $x\in [0,1)$. Show that
    a) For every $\epsilon >0$ and $\lambda\in (0,1)$, we have: \[ \sup\ \{x\in[0,\lambda )\mid |f(x)-f(0)|\le \epsilon x \}=\lambda \] b) $f$ is a constant function.

Grade level 12

  1. a) Consider the polynomial $P(X)=X^5\in \mathbb{R}[X]$. Show that for every $\alpha\in\mathbb{R}^*$, the polynomial $P(X+\alpha )-P(X)$ has no real roots.
    b) Let $P(X)\in\mathbb{R}[X]$ be a polynomial of degree $n\ge 2$, with real and distinct roots. Show that there exists $\alpha\in\mathbb{Q}^*$ such that the polynomial $P(X+\alpha )-P(X)$ has only real roots.
  2. Let $A$ be a finite ring. Show that there exists two natural numbers $m,p$ where $m> p\ge 1$, such that $a^m=a^p$ for all $a\in A$.
  3. Let $f:[-1,1]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function. Show that:
    a) if $\int_0^1 f(\sin (x+\alpha ))\, dx=0$, for every $\alpha\in\mathbb{R}$, then $f(x)=0$, $\forall x\in [-1,1]$.
    b) if $\int_0^1 f(\sin (nx))\, dx=0$, for every $n\in\mathbb{Z}$, then $f(x)=0$, $\forall x\in [-1,1]$.
  4. Let $f:[0,\infty )\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a periodical function, with period $1$, integrable on $[0,1]$. For a strictly increasing and unbounded sequence $(x_n)_{n\ge 0},\, x_0=0,$ with $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} (x_{n+1}-x_n)=0$, we denote $r(n)=\max \{ k\mid x_k\le n\}$.
    a) Show that \[\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=1}^{r(n)}(x_k-x_{k+1})f(x_k)=\int_0^1 f(x)\, dx\]
    b) Show that \[ \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \frac{1}{\ln n}\sum_{k=1}^{r(n)}\frac{f(\ln k)}{k}=\int_0^1f(x)\, dx\]

Romania Team Selection Test 2001

  1. Show that if $a,b,c$ are complex numbers that such that
    \[(a+b)(a+c)=b, \quad (b+c)(b+a)=c, \quad (c+a)(c+b)=a\] then $a,b,c$ are real numbers.
  2. a) Let $f,g:\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow\mathbb{Z}$ be one to one maps. Show that the function $h:\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow\mathbb{Z}$ defined by $h(x)=f(x)g(x)$, for all $x\in\mathbb{Z}$, cannot be a surjective function.
    b) Let $f:\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow\mathbb{Z}$ be a surjective function. Show that there exist surjective functions $g,h:\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow\mathbb{Z}$ such that $f(x)=g(x)h(x)$, for all $x\in\mathbb{Z}$.
  3. The sides of a triangle have lengths $a,b,c$. Prove that:
    \begin{align*}(-a+b+c)(a-b+c)\, +\, & (a-b+c)(a+b-c)+(a+b-c)(-a+b+c)\\ &\le\sqrt{abc}(\sqrt{a}+\sqrt{b}+\sqrt{c})\end{align*}
  4. Three schools have $200$ students each. Every student has at least one friend in each school (if the student $a$ is a friend of the student $b$ then $b$ is a friend of $a$). It is known that there exists a set $E$ of $300$ students (among the $600$) such that for any school $S$ and any two students $x,y\in E$ but not in $S$, the number of friends in $S$ of $x$ and $y$ are different. Show that one can find a student in each school such that they are friends with each other.
  5. Find all polynomials with real coefficients $P$ such that \[ P(x)P(2x^2-1)=P(x^2)P(2x-1)\] for every $x\in\mathbb{R}$.
  6. The vertices $A,B,C$ and $D$ of a square lie outside a circle centred at $M$. Let $AA',BB',CC',DD'$ be tangents to the circle. Assume that the segments $AA',BB',CC',DD'$ are the consecutive sides of a quadrilateral $p$ in which a circle is inscribed. Prove that $p$ has an axis of symmetry.
  7. Find the least $n\in N$ such that among any $n$ rays in space sharing a common origin there exist two which form an acute angle.
  8. Show that the set of positive integers that cannot be represented as a sum of distinct perfect squares is finite.
  9. Let $n$ be a positive integer and $f(x)=a_mx^m+\ldots + a_1X+a_0$, with $m\ge 2$, a polynomial with integer coefficients such that:
    a) $a_2,a_3\ldots a_m$ are divisible by all prime factors of $n$,
    b) $a_1$ and $n$ are relatively prime.
    Prove that for any positive integer $k$, there exists a positive integer $c$, such that $f(c)$ is divisible by $n^k$.
  10. Let $ p$ and $ q$ be relatively prime positive integers. A subset $ S$ of $ \{0, 1, 2, \ldots \}$ is called ideal if $ 0 \in S$ and for each element $ n \in S,$ the integers $ n + p$ and $ n + q$ belong to $ S.$ Determine the number of ideal subsets of $ \{0, 1, 2, \ldots \}.$
  11. Find all pairs $\left(m,n\right)$ of positive integers, with $m,n\geq2$, such that $a^n-1$ is divisible by $m$ for each $a\in \left\{1,2,3,\ldots,n\right\}$.
  12. Prove that there is no function $f:(0,\infty )\rightarrow (0,\infty)$ such that \[f(x+y)\ge f(x)+yf(f(x)) \] for every $x,y\in (0,\infty )$.
  13. The tangents at $A$ and $B$ to the circumcircle of the acute triangle $ABC$ intersect the tangent at $C$ at the points $D$ and $E$, respectively. The line $AE$ intersects $BC$ at $P$ and the line $BD$ intersects $AC$ at $R$. Let $Q$ and $S$ be the midpoints of the segments $AP$ and $BR$ respectively. Prove that $\angle ABQ=\angle BAS$.
  14. Consider a convex polyhedron $P$ with vertices $V_1,\ldots ,V_p$. The distinct vertices $V_i$ and $V_j$ are called neighbours if they belong to the same face of the polyhedron. To each vertex $V_k$ we assign a number $v_k(0)$, and construct inductively the sequence $v_k(n)\ (n\ge 0)$ as follows: $v_k(n+1)$ is the average of the $v_j(n)$ for all neighbours $V_j$ of $V_k$ . If all numbers $v_k(n)$ are integers, prove that there exists the positive integer $N$ such that all $v_k(n)$ are equal for $n\ge N$ .




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Polya,3,Gặp Gỡ Toán Học,30,Gauss,1,GDTX,3,Geometry,14,GGTH,30,Gia Lai,37,Gia Viễn,2,Giải Tích Hàm,1,Giảng Võ,1,Giới hạn,2,Goldbach,1,Hà Giang,4,Hà Lan,1,Hà Nam,38,Hà Nội,257,Hà Tĩnh,87,Hà Trung Kiên,1,Hải Dương,63,Hải Phòng,54,Hậu Giang,11,Hậu Lộc,1,Hélènne Esnault,1,Hilbert,2,Hình Học,33,HKUST,7,Hòa Bình,31,Hoài Nhơn,1,Hoàng Bá Minh,1,Hoàng Minh Quân,1,Hodge,1,Hojoo Lee,2,HOMC,5,HongKong,8,HSG 10,114,HSG 10 2010-2011,4,HSG 10 2011-2012,6,HSG 10 2012-2013,5,HSG 10 2013-2014,4,HSG 10 2014-2015,5,HSG 10 2015-2016,2,HSG 10 2016-2017,5,HSG 10 2017-2018,3,HSG 10 2018-2019,3,HSG 10 2019-2020,8,HSG 10 2020-2021,2,HSG 10 2021-2022,2,HSG 10 2022-2023,3,HSG 10 Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,2,HSG 10 Bắc Giang,1,HSG 10 Bạc Liêu,2,HSG 10 Bắc Ninh,3,HSG 10 Bình Định,1,HSG 10 Bình Dương,1,HSG 10 Bình Thuận,3,HSG 10 Chuyên SPHN,5,HSG 10 Đắk Lắk,2,HSG 10 Đồng Nai,4,HSG 10 Gia Lai,2,HSG 10 Hà Nam,3,HSG 10 Hà Tĩnh,13,HSG 10 Hải Dương,9,HSG 10 KHTN,9,HSG 10 Kon Tum,1,HSG 10 Nghệ An,1,HSG 10 Ninh Thuận,1,HSG 10 Phú Yên,2,HSG 10 Quảng Trị,2,HSG 10 Thái Nguyên,8,HSG 10 Thanh Hóa,1,HSG 10 Trà Vinh,5,HSG 10 Vĩnh Phúc,14,HSG 1015-2016,3,HSG 11,115,HSG 11 2010-2011,4,HSG 11 2011-2012,5,HSG 11 2012-2013,7,HSG 11 2013-2014,4,HSG 11 2014-2015,8,HSG 11 2015-2016,2,HSG 11 2016-2017,5,HSG 11 2017-2018,4,HSG 11 2018-2019,5,HSG 11 2019-2020,5,HSG 11 2020-2021,5,HSG 11 2021-2022,1,HSG 11 An Giang,1,HSG 11 Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,1,HSG 11 Bắc Giang,4,HSG 11 Bạc Liêu,2,HSG 11 Bắc Ninh,4,HSG 11 Bình Định,11,HSG 11 Bình Dương,3,HSG 11 Bình Thuận,1,HSG 11 Cà Mau,1,HSG 11 Đà Nẵng,9,HSG 11 Đồng Nai,1,HSG 11 Hà Nam,1,HSG 11 Hà Tĩnh,10,HSG 11 Hải Phòng,1,HSG 11 Kiên Giang,4,HSG 11 Lạng Sơn,11,HSG 11 Nghệ An,6,HSG 11 Ninh Bình,2,HSG 11 Quảng Bình,9,HSG 11 Quảng Ngãi,8,HSG 11 Quảng Trị,3,HSG 11 Sóc Trăng,1,HSG 11 Thái Nguyên,8,HSG 11 Thanh Hóa,4,HSG 11 Trà Vinh,1,HSG 11 Tuyên Quang,1,HSG 11 Vĩnh Long,2,HSG 11 Vĩnh Phúc,10,HSG 12,610,HSG 12 2009-2010,2,HSG 12 2010-2011,39,HSG 12 2011-2012,44,HSG 12 2012-2013,58,HSG 12 2013-2014,53,HSG 12 2014-2015,44,HSG 12 2015-2016,36,HSG 12 2016-2017,47,HSG 12 2017-2018,58,HSG 12 2018-2019,44,HSG 12 2019-2020,43,HSG 12 2020-2021,51,HSG 12 2021-2022,34,HSG 12 2022-2023,14,HSG 12 An Giang,7,HSG 12 Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,11,HSG 12 Bắc Giang,17,HSG 12 Bạc Liêu,2,HSG 12 Bắc Ninh,13,HSG 12 Bến Tre,18,HSG 12 Bình Định,15,HSG 12 Bình Dương,7,HSG 12 Bình Phước,8,HSG 12 Bình Thuận,7,HSG 12 Cà Mau,8,HSG 12 Cần Thơ,7,HSG 12 Cao Bằng,5,HSG 12 Chuyên SPHN,9,HSG 12 Đà Nẵng,3,HSG 12 Đắk Lắk,20,HSG 12 Đắk Nông,1,HSG 12 Điện Biên,3,HSG 12 Đồng Nai,20,HSG 12 Đồng Tháp,18,HSG 12 Gia Lai,12,HSG 12 Hà Nam,4,HSG 12 Hà Nội,15,HSG 12 Hà Tĩnh,15,HSG 12 Hải Dương,13,HSG 12 Hải Phòng,19,HSG 12 Hậu Giang,3,HSG 12 Hòa Bình,10,HSG 12 Hưng Yên,9,HSG 12 Khánh Hòa,2,HSG 12 KHTN,26,HSG 12 Kiên Giang,11,HSG 12 Kon Tum,2,HSG 12 Lai Châu,4,HSG 12 Lâm Đồng,10,HSG 12 Lạng Sơn,8,HSG 12 Lào Cai,16,HSG 12 Long An,17,HSG 12 Nam Định,7,HSG 12 Nghệ An,11,HSG 12 Ninh Bình,11,HSG 12 Ninh Thuận,6,HSG 12 Phú Thọ,16,HSG 12 Phú Yên,12,HSG 12 Quảng Bình,12,HSG 12 Quảng Nam,9,HSG 12 Quảng Ngãi,5,HSG 12 Quảng Ninh,19,HSG 12 Quảng Trị,9,HSG 12 Sóc Trăng,4,HSG 12 Sơn La,5,HSG 12 Tây Ninh,6,HSG 12 Thái Bình,11,HSG 12 Thái Nguyên,12,HSG 12 Thanh Hóa,18,HSG 12 Thừa Thiên Huế,16,HSG 12 Tiền Giang,3,HSG 12 TPHCM,12,HSG 12 Tuyên Quang,2,HSG 12 Vĩnh Long,6,HSG 12 Vĩnh Phúc,22,HSG 12 Yên Bái,6,HSG 9,533,HSG 9 2009-2010,1,HSG 9 2010-2011,21,HSG 9 2011-2012,44,HSG 9 2012-2013,44,HSG 9 2013-2014,36,HSG 9 2014-2015,40,HSG 9 2015-2016,39,HSG 9 2016-2017,42,HSG 9 2017-2018,47,HSG 9 2018-2019,50,HSG 9 2019-2020,20,HSG 9 2020-2021,53,HSG 9 2021-2022,57,HSG 9 2022-2023,1,HSG 9 An Giang,8,HSG 9 Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,7,HSG 9 Bắc Giang,12,HSG 9 Bạc Liêu,1,HSG 9 Bắc Ninh,12,HSG 9 Bến Tre,9,HSG 9 Bình Định,10,HSG 9 Bình Dương,6,HSG 9 Bình Phước,13,HSG 9 Bình Thuận,5,HSG 9 Cà Mau,1,HSG 9 Cần Thơ,4,HSG 9 Cao Bằng,1,HSG 9 Chuyên SPHN,2,HSG 9 Đà Nẵng,10,HSG 9 Đắk Lắk,11,HSG 9 Đắk Nông,2,HSG 9 Điện Biên,3,HSG 9 Đồng Nai,7,HSG 9 Đồng Tháp,10,HSG 9 Gia Lai,8,HSG 9 Hà Giang,3,HSG 9 Hà Nam,9,HSG 9 Hà Nội,25,HSG 9 Hà Tĩnh,16,HSG 9 Hải Dương,14,HSG 9 Hải Phòng,7,HSG 9 Hậu Giang,4,HSG 9 Hòa Bình,3,HSG 9 Hưng Yên,9,HSG 9 Khánh Hòa,4,HSG 9 Kiên Giang,15,HSG 9 Kon Tum,8,HSG 9 Lai Châu,1,HSG 9 Lâm Đồng,13,HSG 9 Lạng Sơn,9,HSG 9 Lào Cai,3,HSG 9 Long An,9,HSG 9 Nam Định,8,HSG 9 Nghệ An,19,HSG 9 Ninh Bình,13,HSG 9 Ninh Thuận,3,HSG 9 Phú Thọ,12,HSG 9 Phú Yên,8,HSG 9 Quảng Bình,13,HSG 9 Quảng Nam,11,HSG 9 Quảng Ngãi,12,HSG 9 Quảng Ninh,15,HSG 9 Quảng Trị,9,HSG 9 Sóc Trăng,8,HSG 9 Sơn La,4,HSG 9 Tây Ninh,16,HSG 9 Thái Bình,9,HSG 9 Thái Nguyên,5,HSG 9 Thanh Hóa,17,HSG 9 Thừa Thiên Huế,8,HSG 9 Tiền Giang,6,HSG 9 TPHCM,10,HSG 9 Trà Vinh,2,HSG 9 Tuyên Quang,5,HSG 9 Vĩnh Long,11,HSG 9 Vĩnh Phúc,12,HSG 9 Yên Bái,4,HSG Cấp Trường,89,HSG Quốc Gia,109,HSG Quốc Tế,16,HSG11 2021-2022,3,Hứa Lâm Phong,1,Hứa Thuần Phỏng,1,Hùng Vương,2,Hưng Yên,39,Hương Sơn,2,Huỳnh Kim Linh,1,Hy Lạp,1,IMC,26,IMO,57,IMT,2,IMU,2,India - Ấn Độ,47,Inequality,13,InMC,1,International,340,Iran,13,Jakob,1,JBMO,41,Jewish,1,Journal,30,Junior,38,K2pi,1,Kazakhstan,1,Khánh Hòa,26,KHTN,61,Kiên Giang,71,Kim Liên,1,Kon Tum,23,Korea - Hàn Quốc,5,Kvant,2,Kỷ Yếu,45,Lai Châu,10,Lâm Đồng,44,Lăng Hồng Nguyệt Anh,1,Lạng Sơn,35,Langlands,1,Lào Cai,32,Lê Hải Châu,1,Lê Hải Khôi,1,Lê Hoành Phò,4,Lê Hồng Phong,5,Lê Khánh Sỹ,3,Lê Minh Cường,1,Lê Phúc Lữ,1,Lê Phương,1,Lê Quý Đôn,1,Lê Viết Hải,1,Lê Việt Hưng,2,Leibniz,1,Long An,48,Lớp 10 Chuyên,666,Lớp 10 Không Chuyên,347,Lớp 11,1,Lục Ngạn,1,Lượng giác,1,Lương Tài,1,Lưu Giang Nam,2,Lưu Lý Tưởng,1,Lý Thánh Tông,1,Macedonian,1,Malaysia,1,Margulis,2,Mark Levi,1,Mathematical Excalibur,1,Mathematical Reflections,1,Mathematics Magazine,1,Mathematics Today,1,Mathley,1,MathLinks,1,MathProblems Journal,1,Mathscope,8,MathsVN,5,MathVN,1,MEMO,12,Menelaus,1,Metropolises,4,Mexico,1,MIC,1,Michael Atiyah,1,Michael Guillen,1,Mochizuki,1,Moldova,1,Moscow,1,MYTS,4,Nam Định,44,Nam Phi,1,National,276,Nesbitt,1,Newton,4,Nghệ An,68,Ngô Bảo Châu,2,Ngô Việt Hải,1,Ngọc Huyền,2,Nguyễn Anh Tuyến,1,Nguyễn Bá Đang,1,Nguyễn Đình Thi,1,Nguyễn Đức Tấn,1,Nguyễn Đức Thắng,1,Nguyễn Duy Khương,1,Nguyễn Duy Tùng,1,Nguyễn Hữu Điển,3,Nguyễn Minh Hà,1,Nguyễn Minh Tuấn,9,Nguyễn Nhất Huy,1,Nguyễn Phan Tài Vương,1,Nguyễn Phú Khánh,1,Nguyễn Phúc Tăng,2,Nguyễn Quản Bá Hồng,1,Nguyễn Quang Sơn,1,Nguyễn Song Thiên Long,1,Nguyễn Tài Chung,5,Nguyễn Tăng Vũ,1,Nguyễn Tất Thu,1,Nguyễn Thúc Vũ Hoàng,1,Nguyễn Trung Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Tuấn Anh,2,Nguyễn Văn Huyện,3,Nguyễn Văn Mậu,25,Nguyễn Văn Nho,1,Nguyễn Văn Quý,2,Nguyễn Văn Thông,1,Nguyễn Việt Anh,1,Nguyễn Vũ Lương,2,Nhật Bản,4,Nhóm $\LaTeX$,4,Nhóm Toán,1,Ninh Bình,58,Ninh Thuận,23,Nội Suy Lagrange,2,Nội Suy Newton,1,Nordic,21,Olympiad Corner,1,Olympiad Preliminary,2,Olympic 10,126,Olympic 10/3,6,Olympic 10/3 Đắk Lắk,6,Olympic 11,117,Olympic 12,49,Olympic 23/3,2,Olympic 24/3,10,Olympic 24/3 Quảng Nam,10,Olympic 27/4,23,Olympic 30/4,57,Olympic KHTN,7,Olympic Sinh Viên,75,Olympic Tháng 4,12,Olympic Toán,330,Olympic Toán Sơ Cấp,3,Ôn Thi 10,2,PAMO,1,Phạm Đình Đồng,1,Phạm Đức Tài,1,Phạm Huy Hoàng,1,Pham Kim Hung,3,Phạm Quốc Sang,2,Phan Huy Khải,1,Phan Quang Đạt,1,Phan Thành Nam,1,Pháp,2,Philippines,8,Phú Thọ,31,Phú Yên,38,Phùng Hồ Hải,1,Phương Trình Hàm,11,Phương Trình Pythagoras,1,Pi,1,Polish,32,Problems,1,PT-HPT,14,PTNK,55,Putnam,27,Quảng Bình,57,Quảng Nam,50,Quảng Ngãi,44,Quảng Ninh,54,Quảng Trị,38,Quỹ Tích,1,Riemann,1,RMM,13,RMO,24,Romania,37,Romanian Mathematical,1,Russia,1,Sách Thường Thức Toán,7,Sách Toán,70,Sách Toán Cao Học,1,Sách Toán THCS,7,Saudi Arabia - 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MOlympiad.NET: [Solutions] Romanian Mathematical Competitions 2001
[Solutions] Romanian Mathematical Competitions 2001
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